Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder from Car Accidents

Traffic accidents can be strong enough to inflict serious injury or death. For this reason, many survivors of devastating crashes experience emotional and psychological stress. This can be considered more tragic if the incident has been triggered by somebody else, like a drunk driver or a speeding vehicle.

According to the website of these Panama City car accident lawyers, victims have legal options to pursue, such as compensation. But at the end of the day, even compensations are not enough to offset the damages of post-traumatic stress.

How Post-Traumatic Stress is Diagnosed
To be diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder, a patient needs to pass certain criteria, such as the following:

  • The person has experienced or witnessed a traumatic event that is capable of inflicting serious injury or death
  • The person’s reaction to the traumatic event involve fear and sense of helplessness
  • The traumatic event is re-experienced, in the form of flashbacks, hallucinations, nightmares, and other mental movements
  • Emotional and psychological problems arise when the person is exposed to symbols and cues that relate to the traumatic event

Other Signs of Post-Traumatic Stress
Aside from the general criteria above, victims may have other symptoms and reactions associated with post-traumatic stress disorder. These symptoms and reactions include the following:

  • The victim tries to avoid any stimulus associated with the traumatic event, such as conversations, places, and thoughts
  • Difficulty in concentrating and sleeping
  • Increased irritability
  • Social withdrawal and disinterest

Treatment
In order to treat post-traumatic stress disorder from car accident victims, it is important for the health professional to enlighten the victims regarding the disorder, its symptoms, and its possible effects to life. This gives the victims the impression that the disorder can be common on such traumatic events and their cases are not isolated. Once acceptance of the disorder has been established, it will be much easier to treat.

Below are some of the treatments that can reduce or cure post-traumatic stress disorder:

  • Exercise and other physical activities
  • Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy
  • Medication
  • Relaxation therapy

Common Defenses In A Product Liability Case

When a product is sent and sold to the market, there is always an assumption that it has been tested and hence safe for use by customers. However, while majority of the products are free from any risk, some defective products still find their way into the market. According to the website of Karlin, Fleisher & Falkenberg, LLC, when this happens, customers can sustain serious injuries or even get killed.

While customers have the right to sue the manufacturer for selling a dangerous product, the manufacturer will not just give in and give the customer a tough legal battle. The defense will map out several defensive strategies, the following are the most common defenses they will use:

1. Assumption of Risk

If the plaintiff is aware that the way they will use the product could result to injury or malfunction, the defendant could leave the lawsuit unscathed based on the defense of “assumption of risk.” In contrast to contributory or comparative negligence where the customer is not aware of the possible results of their negligence, there lies the difference with assumption of risk.

2. The Statute of Limitations Has Expired

Another common defense of the defendant has to do with the statutes of limitations. They can prove in court that the plaintiff filed the case after the expiration of the statute of limitations.

3. Misuse and Alteration

A manufacturer may be freed from liability if the use of the product was contrary to express and adequate instructions or warnings that come with the products. In addition, the manufacturer can also defend themselves from liability when the product has already been altered after leaving its hands.

4. Breach of Warranty

The defendant may not be held liable if the plaintiff was unable to provide them with proper notice or if the warranty was disclaimed. So if the plaintiff agreed with the defendant at the time of purchase that the warranty was not applicable, the defendant is acquitted of liability.